Hi everyone! An owl from Vrnjačka Banja greets you. A beautiful place to create memories. I have a lot of them, even though I was with my friends only twice, when I went on an excursion, and now the third time to refresh my memories. It's really beautiful there and a lot of memories woke up. At that time, I did not pay attention to the monuments, but they also put some memory. They remind people that there were some important people, or important events that are worth remembering. I photographed them, I think they deserved me to make a post about them, and at the same time to learn something new. Let's let this owl guide us through Vrnjačka Banja.
Jovan Belimarković (Belgrade, January 13, 1827 - Vrnjačka Banja, August 28, 1906), Serbian general. He was Minister of Defense and Minister of Construction, and from 1889 to 1893 he was one of the three royal deputies. He had the qualities of a true military leader, with his courage in command and ability to keep the army in a good mood. He liberated Vranje and together with Milojko Lešjanin liberated Niš in 1878.
Jovan Belimarković was born on 1/13. January 1827 in Belgrade. He finished elementary school, high school and lyceum in Belgrade. He studied philosophy in Berlin for a year. He joined the army in 1846. After that he was a state cadet at the University of Berlin until 1848, where he was at the Artillery School in Berlin. He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant in 1850, and returned to Serbia in 1851.
Minister of Defense
From 1852 to 1857 he was a professor at the Artillery School (the forerunner of the Military Academy). During the St. Andrew's Assembly on December 23, 1858, it was adopted that the assembly would be exercised by the Assembly until the arrival of Prince Miloš, so Stevči Mihailović was entrusted with the supreme command over the army and police, and he received Ranko Alimpić for military affairs and Jovan Belimarković for police affairs. Belimarkovic commanded the Civil Guard, armed citizens of Belgrade, who were ready to defend the assembly. He was promoted to the rank of captain in 1858, and to major in 1859. He was appointed director of the Artillery Workshop of the Topolivnica in Kragujevac, and then in November 1861 he resigned from military service. It was reactivated during the bombing of Belgrade in 1862, when he commanded one section of the Belgrade defense. During the summer of 1862, there was a crisis in relations with Turkey, so he was appointed commander of the left wing, and Ranko Alimpić commander of the right wing in a possible war with Turkey. He became chief of staff of the standing army in 1865, and in 1866 he was an inspector of engineering troops. In 1867, he was appointed Assistant Minister of Defense. He was appointed Minister of Defense and Acting Minister of Construction in the government of George Cenic and in the government of Radivoje Milojkovic from July 3, 1868 to August 22, 1872. In the government of Milivoje Petrovic Blaznavac, he was Minister of Construction and Deputy Minister of Defense from August 22, 1872. until April 5, 1873. He was promoted to colonel in 1869.
Pavle Mutavdžić is responsible for the development of tourism in Vrnjačka Banja. I would like to learn something about the history of the Vrnjačka Banja, because it is, to some extent, its history.
History of Vrnjacka Banja
It is known that the mineral springs in Vrnjačka Banja were used by the Romans after the conquest of the Balkans, as evidenced by the found Roman spring during the catchment of Vrnjačka hot mineral water in 1924 and many coins with the figures of Roman emperors. The Romans used mineral water for drinking and bathing.
After the Turkish conquest of the Balkans, there is almost no information that Vrnjačka mineral waters were in use, except for the unreliable information that came from the mention of mineral springs in several legends.
History of Vrnjacka Banja before the First World War
At the beginning of the 19th century, Prince Miloš hired the Saxon geologist Baron Herder to examine mineral springs in Serbia, and on that occasion, Vrnjačka hot mineral water was also examined.
The modern history of Vrnjačka Banja is connected to 1868, when the Kruševac district mayor Pavle Mutavdžić, together with several benefactors and prominent people from Kruševac, Karavnovac (today's Kraljevo) and Trstenik, formed the Founding Founding Society of Sour and Hot Water in Vrnjci. That year, two springs of hot mineral water were captured. Immediately afterwards, the construction of the spa bath began. Although the justification of founding the association was confirmed the following year, a period of several years of stagnation followed due to the lack of funds for the construction of the health resort.
In the eighties of the 19th century, the spa in Vrnjci passed into state hands. This event and the construction of the villa of General Jovan Belimarković, Deputy King Aleksandar Obrenović, mark the beginning of the period of development of Vrnjačka Banja into a modern health resort. In 1885, Vrnjačka Banja got a real catering facility. In that period, enterprising people from the surrounding towns built their villas and boarding houses, the central spa zone was arranged, and in the middle of the nineties, the first regulation plan of Vrnjačka Banja was made. The number of visitors grew from year to year. In the years before the Balkan wars, the spa recorded a particularly large number of visitors. During this period, Vrnjačka Banja received a large number of boarding houses, a new bathroom was built, one cinema was working, and the construction of another was in preparation. The spa got a better traffic connection with larger cities in Serbia by passing the Stalac-Pozega railway.
History of Vrnjacka Banja between the two world wars
Vrnjacka Banja experienced stagnation in the wars of 1912/18. years. In 1915, there were several Allied hospitals in it, located in spa boarding houses and resorts.
After the First World War, there was a sharp rise. The peak of success will be reached in the late 1930s. Even in the years of economic crisis, modern villas and sanatoriums (St. George, Zivadinovic) were built, and a hot mineral spring was captured in 1924/25. year, a modern bathroom is being built, the Vrnjačka river is being regulated, spa parks are being arranged and expanded, roads are being built, and the water supply and sewerage network is being expanded. Based on the 1933 census, there were 133 craft and trade shops in Vrnjačka Banja. Cultural life in this period flourished, fairs were organized, concerts of classical music, renowned theaters were guests. The Goch Tourist Association is founded. After the adoption of the Law on Spas, a strict categorization of boarding houses and villas is performed. In 1935, Vrnjačka Banja had 257 boarding houses and villas. That year, the visit of 28,080 guests was recorded, which was by far the highest in relation to all other tourist places in Yugoslavia.
History of Vrnjacka Banja after the Second World War
After the Second World War, the structure of guests changed: now the state sends patients for treatment, the level of services has dropped, a large number of exclusive spa facilities were no longer in operation.
Vrnjačka Banja experienced its rise in the 1950s and 1960s with an increase in the number of visitors. During that period, new facilities were built in Vrnjačka Banja. In the eighties, Vrnjacka Banja had the largest number of visits - close to 200,000 visitors who spent two million nights.